Cathedral; 2) Franciscan church and monastery; 3) Langov trg
The presentation of the public
park Ribnjak according to the cadastral survey from 1968. The area of the
previous Archiepiscopal and today’s Lang,s Square?
The area of the park Ribnjak
according to the regulation basis of the Zagreb City from 1889. The public park
was completely rearranged and lessened because of the street construction.
The medieval area of the
present-day park Ribnjak was covered with a water surface located on the
marshland in the north-eastern side of Kaptol. In the 15th century,
with first interventions – trench digging and bridge building – it got a
defensive function in the fortification system of the Zagreb City. The water
surface function and look changed with urbanisation, but its area remained
neglected until 1830. After its defensive function had lost importance, the
water surface mainly served for irrigation of the surrounding terrains, as well
as for fish farming and dam strengthening. In 1830, there was an intervention of
the bishop Alagović and designer Klingspogle, which completely changed the
features and functions of the area. Alagović transformed the neglected fishponds
into a modern park with a fountain, decorating statues and exotic plants. It had
all characteristics of a modern English park. After Alagović’s death, the public
park suffered in bad weather and became completely neglected.
In 1870, the remaining pond was
dried up at the citizens’ request, and the present-day Lang’s Square emerged at
At the end of the 19th
century, the stream was filled up and the Ribnjak street widened, so the park
area was lessened because of the street construction.
At the beginning of the 20th
century, the public park was divided into two parts (northern and southern),
which served for the needs of the church until the period after the World War
II, when the park was a little widened and opened for the public.
In 1949, the architect Z. Frohlich
worked out the project of widening and changing of the old public park, and the
intervention mainly dealt with construction of various institutions around the
park, as well as with connecting the canon’s gardens with the park core.
Comparing and analysing the
cartographic presentation of the present-day park Ribnjak we have conceived his
complete spatial and functional transformation from the medieval period to the
present time. That area has kept its original location, but therefore
experienced a lot of functional-aesthetic interventions. With urbanisation and
widening of Zagreb the present-day park area accommodated itself to the city’s
prosperity and agglomeration, as well as to the needs of its citizens. The park
reached its peak in the time of the bishop Alagović. 130 years have passed
since, and the park had to develop more with the prosperity of its surroundings.
But nowadays, after so much time and with all skills and knowledge we dispose
of, that public park in the centre of the Zagreb City declines and is more and
more neglected on the part of its citizens. A paradox fact is that the stage of
human progress is in inverse proportion with the care of the environment.
Therefore, besides the presentation of the park Ribnjak’s development through
history, we also wanted to point out another essential guideline of this
project: to make the citizens renew and preserve the present-day park, because
it is not only a place for amusement and recreation, but reminds us of the past
as well, and represents a part of pure nature located in the “heart” of the
Sources and references:
Cartographic material (maps and
plans) of the Zagreb Municipal Museum, Opatička 12
Gostl, Igor: Zagrebački perivoji i
promenade (Zagreb gardens and promenades)
Marinović-Uzelac, A. (1986):
Naselja, gradovi i prostori, Tehnička knjiga, Zagreb (Settlements, cities and
Timet, T. (1961): Stambena
izgradnja Zagreba do 1954. godine, Ekonomsko-historijska analiza, Građa za
gospodarsku povijest Hrvatske , knj. 10, JAZU, Zagreb (Housing construction of
Zagreb until 1954, Economic-historical analysis, Material for economic history
of Croatia, book 10, Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb).
Vresk, M. (1996): Funkcionalna
struktura i funkcionalna klasifikacija gradova Hrvatske, Geografski glasnik 58,
Zagreb (The Functional Structure and the Functional Classification of Cities and
Towns in Croatia, Geographical Bulletin 58, Zagreb).
Zagreb na geodetsko-katastarskim
zemljovidima i u zemljišnim knjigama, Zagreb, 1994.
Zagreb on geodetic-cadastral maps
and in land registers, Zagreb, 1994.